Minoan amphora on a bronze tripod
An amphora is a jar with two vertical handles used in classical times for the storage and transportation of foodstuffs such as wine and olive oil.
The form of the vessel evolved to reflect its primary function as a carrier of wine and for ease of packing. The base foot became a spike and the vessel overall became taller and slimmer.
The octopus motif originated around 1500 BC and by the Minoan period the so-called “marine style”.